The Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) was created for the purpose of building up and improving the public workforce system of the nation. This act helps employers hire the most qualified workers, but it also aids employees in finding the most high-quality work positions they can. Most of the unemployed individuals in Arizona are minors, adults or dislocated workers. Therefore, the WIOA has created three different job training programs that differ according to the people:
The WIOA Adult Program provides several types of services to individuals who are at least 18 years of age and who are legally able to work in the United States. Arizona adults may receive basic career services, individualized career services or training services. These services can be provided locally, only if the Department of Economic Security (DES) and the local workforce investment areas make a mutual contract. The basic career services are available to all adults, while individualized services are open to adults who need these services in order to gain employment, or to at least obtain and retain a self-sufficient job. Adults who are unable to obtain grant assistance, on the other hand, may get training services. The WIOA adult program is offered based on priority. For instance, veterans and their spouses have the highest priority for the adult program. Also, people with low incomes or people getting public assistance may be provided certain services. And finally, people who must improve their working skills also receive priority for participation the adult program.
The WIOA Youth Program is available to individuals who are from 14 to 21 years of age and enrolled in school, or to out-of-school individuals who are between 16 and 24 years of age. This program trains and prepares the youth of Arizona for the post-secondary period. The program allows participants to choose whether they will continue studying, or whether they will begin training for a certain type of career in which they are interested. At least 75 percent of the funds for the WIOA youth program must be used for out-of-school individuals who have dropped out or who have finished secondary school but are unemployed. For that reason, younger individuals are given lectures that to encourage them to stay in school and finish their secondary school diploma. For those individuals who have already dropped out of school, this program will provide them with alternative secondary school services. Those services which are contained in the WIOA youth program are the following:
The WIOA youth program includes both paid and unpaid work experiences, such as: summer employment or other job opportunities during the school year, pre-apprenticeship programs, internships and training opportunities that can be gained on the job. For instance, occupational skill trainings may get you recognized credentials for a post-secondary job at the in-demand industry sectors or local occupations. Individuals are also offered the opportunity to get an education at the same time while getting trained and prepared for specific occupations.
Dislocated workers can participate in the WIOA Adult and Dislocated Worker Program if they have been fired or received a notice of termination. Career and training services are available to dislocated workers who want to get back to work as soon as possible. Individuals in Arizona may be jobless for one of the following reasons:
The Workforce Investment Act requires ten percent of the dislocated workers quota to be reserved for Rapid Response activities, which are created to help workers who have lost their jobs due to a permanent closure, a mass layoff, or to a natural or other disaster. The Rapid Response activities help workers get in immediate contact with employers or provide their personal information to hiring managers.